Dhaka the capital city
A road in Dhaka
DHAKA CITY, CAPITAL OF BANGLADESH
Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. With its colourful
history and rich cultural traditions, Dhaka is known the world over as
the city of mosques and muslin. Its fame attracted travelers from far
and near throughout the ages. Today it has grown into a megacity of
about 8.5 million people, with an area of about 1353 sq. km. becoming
the hub of the nation's industrial, commercial, cultural, educational
and political activities.
Dhaka sits on the north bank of the bustling Buriganga River, roughly in
the centre of the country. If you've arrived in Dhaka from South-East
Asia, you'll probably be struck by the lack of hype and commercial
activity. If you arrive from Delhi or Kathmandu, you're sure to notice
the relatively clean air. If you've flown from Calcutta you might find
it clean and orderly and if you've come overland through rural
Bangladesh, it will seem like Babylon. Here the lights are as bright as
they get in Bangladesh, and there's a range of goods and services
lacking elsewhere in the country.
The oldest section of the city runs along the north bank of the
waterfront and was developed when Dhaka was a significant Moghul trading
centre. A must-see in the Old City is the area between the two main
water transport terminals, Sadarghat and Badam Tole where the panorama
of river life on the Buriganga is particularly fascinating. This area is
always crowded with people and watercraft of every type. Along the
waterfront is the old baroque-style palace, Ahsan Manzil which has been
painted bright pink.
Dhaka is located in the geographic center of the country. It is in the
great deltaic region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. The city is
within the monsoon climate zone, with an annual average temperature of
25 deg C (77 deg F) and monthly means varying between 18 deg C (64 deg
F) in January and 29 deg C (84 deg F) in August. Nearly 80% of the
annual average rainfall of 1,854 mm (73 in) occurs between May and
Dhaka is in one of the world's leading rice- and jute-growing regions.
Its industries include textiles (jute, muslin, cotton) and food
processing, especially rice milling. A variety of other consumer goods
are also manufactured here. The Muslim influence is reflected in the
more than 700 mosques and historic buildings found throughout the city.
The University of Dhaka (1921) and several technical schools and museums
are located here.
Area : 815.85 Sq. kilometres (approx.)
Population : Seven million (approx.)
Climate : Tropical, with heavy rainfall and
bright sunshine in the monsoon and warm for the greater part of the
year. The winter months, from November to March, are however, most
likeable, cool and pleasant.
Temperature: Max. Min.
Summer : 36.7°C 21.1°c
Winter : 31.7°C 10.5°c
Rainfall : 2540 mm annually.
Humidity : 80 percent (approx.)
ATTRACTION OF DHAKA
Mosques : Dhaka has several hundred
mosques. Prominent are Baitull Mukarram-National Mosque, the seven Domed
Mosque (17th century), Star Mosque (18th century) , Chawkbazar Mosque
and Huseni Dalan Mosque.
Hindu Temples : Dhakeshwari Temple (11th
Century), Ramkrishna Mission.
Churches : Armenian Church (1781 A.D.) St.
Mary's Cathedral at Ramna, Church of Bangladesh or former Holy Rosary
Church (1677A.D.) at Tejgaon.
National Memorial : It locates at Savar,
35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial designed by architect Moinul
Hossain is dedicated to the sacred memory of the millions of unknown
martyrs of the war of liberation.
Lalbagh Fort : It was built in 1678 A.D. by
Prince Mohammad Azam, son of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb. The fort was the
scene of bloody battle during the first war of independence (1857) when
260 sepoys stationed here backed by the people revolted against British
forces. Outstanding among the monuments of the Lalbagh are the tomb of
Pari Bibi , Lalbagh Mosque, Audience Hall and Hammam of Nawab Shaista
Khan now housing a museum.
The capital city Dhaka predominantly was a city of the Mughals. In
hundred years of their vigorous rule successive Governors and princely
Viceroys who ruled the province, adorned it with many noble monuments in
the shape of magnificent places, mosques, tombs, fortifications and 'Katras'
often surrounded with beautifully laid out gardens and pavilions. Among
these, few have survived the ravages of time, aggressive tropical
climate of the land and vandal hands of man.
But the finest specimen of this period is the Aurangabad Fort, commonly
known as Lalbagh Fort, which, indeed represents the unfulfilled dream of
a Mughal Prince. It occupies the south western part of the old city,
overlooking the Buriganga on whose northern bank it stands as a silent
sentinel of the old city. Rectangular in plan, it encloses an area of
1082' by 800' and in addition to its graceful lofty gateways on
south-east and north-east corners and a subsidiary small unpretentious
gateway on north, it also contians within its fortified perimeter a
number of splendid monuments, surrounded by attractive garden. These
are, a small 3-domed mosque, the mausoleum of Bibi Pari the reputed
daughter of Nawab Shaista Khan and the Hammam and Audience Hall of the
Governor. The main purpose of this fort, was to provide a defensive
enclosure of the palacial edifices of the interior and as such was a
type of palace-fortress rather than a seige fort.
1857 Memorial : ( Bahadur Shah Park) Built
to commemorate the martyrs of the first liberation war (1857-59) against
British rule. It was here that the revolting sepoys and their civil
compatriots were publicly hanged.
Bangabandhu Memorial Museum : The residence
of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman at
Dhanmondi has been turned into a musuam. It contains rare collection of
personal effects and photographs of his lifetime.
Mukti Juddha Museum : Situated at Segun
Bagicha area of the city the museum contains rare photographs of
Liberation war and items used by the freedom fighters during the
Ahsan Manzil Museum : On the bank of the
river Buriganga in Dhaka the pink majestic Ahsan Manzil has been
renovated and turned into a museum recently. It is an example of the
nations rich cultural heritage. It was the home of the Nawab of Dhaka
and a silent spectator to many events. The renovated Ahsan Manzil is a
monument of immense historical beauty. It has 31 rooms with a huge dome
atop which can be seen from miles around. It now has 23 galleries
displaying portraits, furniture and household articles and utensils used
by the Nawab.
Curzon Hall : Beautiful architectural
building named after Lord Curzon. It now houses the Science Faculty of
Old High Court Building : Originally built
as the residence of the British Governor, it illustrates a happy blend
of European and Mughal architecture.
Dhaka Zoo : Popularly known as Mirpur Zoo.
Colorful and attractive collections of different local and foreign
species of animals and birds including the majestic Royal Bengal Tiger
are available here.
National Museum : Located at the central
point of the city, the museum contains a large number of interesting
collections including sculptures and paintings of the Hindu, Buddhist
and Muslim periods.
Botanical Garden : Built on an area of 205
acres of land at Mirpur and adjacent to Dhaka Zoo. One can have a look
at the zoo and the botanical garden in one trip.
National Park : Situated at Rejendrapur, 40
km. north of Dhaka city , this is a vast (1,600 acres) national
recreational forest with facilities for picnic and rowing etc.
Central Shahid Minar : Symbol of Bengali
nationalism. This monument was built to commemorate the martyrs of the
historic Language movement of 1952. Hundreds and thousands of people
with floral wreaths and bouquet gather on 21 February every year to pay
respect in a solemn atmosphere. Celebrations begin at zero hour of
National Poet's Graveyard : Revolutionary
poet Kazi Nazrul Islam died on the 29 August 1976 and was buried here.
The graveyard is adjacent to the Dhaka University Mosque.
Suhrawardy Uddyan (Garden) : A Popular
Park. The oath of independence of Bangladesh was taken here and Father
of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheik Mujibur Rahman gave clarion call for
independence on this occasion on the 7th March 1971. The place is famous
for its lush verdure and gentle breezes. Eternal Flame to enliven the
memory of the martyrs of our Liberation war has been blown here
Mausoleum of National Leaders : Located at
the southwestern corner of Suhrawardy Uddyan, it is the eternal resting
place of great national leaders, Sher-e-Bangla A.K. Fazlul Haque,
Hossain Shahid Suhrawardy and Khaja Nazimuddin.
Banga Bhaban : The official residence of
the President, located in the city . One can have an outside view of
this grand palace.
Baldha Garden : Unique creation of the late
Narendra Narayan Roy, the landlord of Baldha. Year of establishment was
1904. Located in Wari area of Dhaka city, the garden with its rich
collection of indigenous and exotic plants is one of the most exciting
attraction for naturalists and tourists.
Ramna Green : A vast stretch of green
garden surrounded by a serpentine lake near the Sheraton Hotel.
Parliament House : Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban
(Parliament House) located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar has distinctive
architectural features. Designed by the famous architect Louis I. Kahn,
it may be called an architectural wonder of this region.
Science Museum : The museum is a modern
learning center related to the latest scientific discoveries. It is
situated at Agargaon.
Institute of Arts and Crafts : Situated in
the picturesque surroundings of Shahbagh the Institute of Arts and
Crafts has a representative collection of folk-art and paintings by
artists of Bangladesh.
Sonargaon : About 29 km. from Dhaka.
Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals of Bangal. A Folk Arts and
Crafts Museum has been established here.
Other attractions in and around Dhaka include the Institute of Arts and
Crafts with its representative collection of folk art and paintings,
handicraft shops. Aparajeya Bangla monument, picnic spots at Chandra and
Salna, industrial estates of Tongi, Narayanganj, Demara, Tejgaon,
cruising by country boat in the nearby river or a visit to a village to
see jute cultivation, weaving and pottery making. Last but not the least
travel by a horse driven cart or rickshaw along busy Dhaka streets is a
About 27 km. from Dhaka, Sonargaon is one of the oldest capitals of
Bengal. It was the seat of Deva Dynasty until the 13th century. From
then onward till the advent of the Mughals, Sonargaon was subsidiary
capital of the Sultanate of Bengal. Among the ancient monuments still
intact are the Tomb of Sultan Ghiasuddin (1399-1409 A. D), the shrines
of Panjpirs and Shah Abdul Alia and a beautiful mosque in Goaldi villaae.
Picnic Spots : There are good picnic spots
in the area around Savar and Mirzapur. Other beauty spots connected by
road with Dhaka include Joydevpur, Sripur, Madhupur, Rajendrapur
National Park, Chandra and Salna, all of which have rest-houses that can
be used by tourists on request to the Forest Department.
Bangaldesh Parjatan Corporation owns two picnic spots with Bunglows at
Chandra and Salna which can also be hired by tourists.
Mosque of Baba Adam : Of a slightly later
date the elegant 6-domed mosque (43'x36') of Baba Adam in Rampal near
Dhaka was erected by one Malik Kafur during the reign of the last llyas
Shahi Sultan, Jalauddin Fateh Shah in 1483 A.D. It displays the same
characterstic features of the period such as the faceted octagonal
turrets at 4 corners, the curved cornice, the facade and 3 mihrabs
relieved richly with beautiful terracotta floral and hanging patterns.
Star Mosque : A very beautiful mosque of
the city is situated at Mahuttuly on Abul Khairat Rd; just west of
Armanitola Govt. High School. Architecturally faultless (Mughal style)
is a five-dome mosque with hundreds of big and small twinkling stars as
surface decorations. The stars have been created by setting pieces of
chinaware on white cement. Seen from the front and from far it looks as
if shining above the surface of the earth. The inside of it is even more
beautiful that the outside, lovely mosaic floor and excellent tiles with
many floral patterns set on the walls, are all in complete harmony. The
sitara Masjid was built originally with three domes in early 18th
century by Mirza Ghulam Pir, a highly respectable Zamindar of Dhaka.
Frequently used in calendars. Entrance: through a lane named after the
Baitul Mukarram Mosque : Baitul Mukarram
Mosque is situated at Purana Paltan east of Bangladesh Secretariat and
north of Dhaka Stadium. Largest Mosque in the city, three storied and
built after the pattern of the Kaba Sharif. Very beautiful and costly
decorations in the interior. Long lawn, garden and rows of fountains to
the south and east. The mosque is on a very high platform. Lovely flight
of stairs lead to it; from the south, east and north. On the east is a
vast varanda which is also used for prayer and Eid congregation. Below
in the ground floor is a shopping centre.
Ahsan Manzil Museum : On the bank of river
Buriganga in Dhaka the Pink majestic Ahsan Manzil has been renovated and
turned into a museum recently. It is an epitome of the nation's rich
cultural heritage. It is the home of Nawab of Dhaka and a silent
spectator to many events.
Today's renovated Ahsan Manzil a monument of immense historical beauty.
It has 31 rooms with a huge dome atop which can be seen from miles
around. It now has 23 galleries in 31 rooms displaying of traits,
furniture and household articles and utensils used by the Nawab.
Sightseeing Tours : Bangladesh Parjatan
Corporation runs conducted sightseeing tours from its Tourist
Information Centre at Dhaka Sheraton Hotel. The duration of the Dhaka
City sightseeing tours is three hours approximately. Other tour
List of Restaurants in
Dhaka: A partial list of course.
(Parjatan Motel & Restaurant)
83-88, Mohakhali, Dhaka - 1212
Telephone : +880-2-607085-89, 881548
Baily Garden Restaurant
(Szuchuan & Thai food)
1, New Baily Road
Tel: 8318861 Bamboo
(Masala Dosa, Kabab & Snacks)
10, new Baily Road ,Dhaka
Tel: 408790, 832139
(Special Thai & European cuisine)
CWN(C)-2, 108, Gulshan Main Avenue
Tel: 9884770, 018-222918
22/B Sonargaon Road, Hatirpul
Ph: (880-2) 9664140
53 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue
Ph: (880-2) 8111329, 8118425
Ph: (880-2) 8119993
19/1 Kakrail, Dhaka-1000
Tel: 413930, 405664, 416817, 408067, 8317086-7
65, Gulshan Avenue
La Vinci Hotel
(Hotel & restaurant)
54 Kawran Bazar
Tel: 9113955, 9130919, 9124106
Hotel & Restaurant
52 Gulshan Avenue
12-14, North Gulshan, Circle # 2
Tel: 8829238, 9880231
(North Indian, South Indian, Chinese & Bangla Cuisine)
1, New Baily Road, 2nd Floor
Phone: 417090, 8314289
(Indian, Bangladeshi, Chinise & Continental)
120/B, Motijheel C/A
Phone : +880-2-9567583-5/9569340
Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka
(5 star hotel & restaurant)
107 Kazi Nazrul Islam Avenue,
G.P.O. Box 3595, Dhaka
Tel: (880-2) 8111005 or 8112011
Fax: (880-2) 8113324
(2 star hotel & restaurant)
1, Dilkusha C/A, Dhaka-1000
Telephone : +880-2-9563624, 9552229
3-4, U.A.E. Moitry Complex
Kamal Ataturk Avenue
Tel: 8821061, 607760
Razmoni Isha Kha Hotel
(hotel & restaurant)
VIP Road, Kakrail, Dhaka
Fax: 880-2-8315369 Sajna
10 South Avenue
Ph: (880-2) 603507, 603243
Mirpur Road, Dhanmondi
Ph: (880-2) 8117263
(local food restaurant)
Tel: 9333934, 8321213
Sky Room Restaurant
8 Kamal Ataturk Avenue
ABC House (12th Floor)
204, Shaheed Syed Nazrul Islam Sharani
Aziz Co-operative Market, 1st Floor
(12/B, Bijoy Nagar old)
(Chinese & Thai)
85, Bijoy Nagar
Phone: 8312551, 9343275
New Baily Road
Zia International Airport
Ph: (880-2) 8915407
20, Kamal Ataturk Avenue
White House Hotel
(Oriental, Bangladeshi and Continental cuisine)
155, Shantinagar, Dhaka-1217, Bangladesh. GPO. Box-3267
Tel: 880-2-8322973, 8314601, 8314020, 8317579
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